Last night I was able issue a start command over I2c to the TCM8230MD camera module to have it start sending images. I'm now receiving valid YUV 422 data off of the 8 bit bus along with the necessary clock and sync pulses.
This camera is definitely not the easiest thing to work with. The datasheet is not as clear I would have liked and the timings necessary for the startup sequence took a little bit longer to figure out than I had expected.
The next step will be to be to send the camera a few more control codes to lower the frame rate and resolution to get the data rate to a more manageable level for the pic. I'm hoping to capture and display my first usable image over the weekend.